The technologies developed by humans have always created great changes, so much so that it has even given its name to historical periods. One of them is the digital age we live in and in this period, one of the most talked about topics recently is 5G technology. So, what is this technology that is said to revolutionize? How will it affect our lives? What are the positive and negative sides…? Discover with all the details in 10 steps.
What Is 5G Technology?
We can briefly define 5G technology as fifth generation wireless network technology. As the digital world grows and transforms, in parallel with this, standard infrastructures are constantly being renewed too. The latest version of mobile network technology is expected to create an effective change in our daily lives and all sectors by offering opportunities that are not possible with 4G standards.
What Are The New Features Coming With 5G Technology?
Undoubtedly, high speed comes first among the new features. With 5G, the data transmission speed, changing according to the bandwidth used, reaches to values between 10 and 100 times of 4G. In this way, reaching a speed between 10 and 50 gigabytes (Gbps) per second, large scale data can be easily transferred.
Another feature is the increased capacity. The fact that more devices can be connected to the network at the same time with 5G technology is a sign that IoT (Internet of Things) will take place more in our daily lives. In addition, with cloud technology standing out, a richer media experience awaits us.
Low latency in inter-device communication on a network is also one of the 5G technology features. Thus, the normal latency time reduces from 50 to 100 milliseconds to a few milliseconds. With this feature, the augmented reality can be experienced in real time, almost without latency. What’s more, it becomes possible for autonomous vehicles to communicate with each other instantly in automatic driving technology.
How Is It Works?
The most widely used bandwidth in 5G technology, is a mid-band in the range from 1 GHz to 6 GHz. While it is not possible to reach a very high speed at these frequencies, the reason why values below 6 GHz are often preferred is that it can penetrate obstacles such as walls in long distances. In this way, a very wide network can be created without the need for hundreds of new cells to be built in a city.
High bandwidth (millimeter wave) of up to 300 GHz provides a high-speed data transfer promised by 5G, while it cannot overcome the obstacles unlike the middle band range. So much so that hundreds or thousands of small cells are required for an infrastructure in millimeter wavelengths. For this reason, it is estimated that high bandwidth usage which requires a certain budget and time, will become widespread in the coming years.
Why 5G Technology Is Needed?
The digital world is growing day by day. While the data input and consumption, especially video and music, is continually increasing, almost every sector is on course for digitalization. In the current mobile network technology, this can cause some problems.
With 4G technology, disruptions and outages occur when people try to reach online mobile services simultaneously in the same region; the latency reduced by 5G eliminates this case, allowing thousands of devices to connect at the same time. This in turn allows services to be accelerated and improved.
Speed and real-time in networking are also important for smart facilities and smart cities. While moving many objects to digital media requires higher capacity, only 5G technology can meet this need that exceeds the capacity of 4G standards.
What Is The Importance For The End User?
If we consider that the number of mobile network users is 4 billion as of April 2019, it is not difficult to estimate the importance of 5G for end users. In the busy pace of life, time is precious to everyone. So when we are shopping, downloading movies or music, or doing anything on the internet, we want this to happen as soon as possible. At this point, 5G technology brings possibilities that will please end users.
Games and movies are moved to the cloud and this makes possible for users to open them on any screen. Moreover, while the movie download time takes minutes with the current technology, an HD movie can be downloaded in seconds with 5G technology. In addition, as the fact that online computer games can be played without problems such as freezes and lags, pleases game enthusiasts; it is also an important point that the smart devices used at home connecting to each other provides convenience to the user.
How Will It Affect Different Sectors?
Media and entertainment: In a world where the pandemic has changed living conditions, the entertainment sector, like all others, is adapting to this process. At this stage, while the sector meeting 5G technology, offers real-time entertainment experiences with augmented and virtual reality technologies; entertainment quality increases with visualization accessories such as mixed reality headsets.
Education: With 5G, students will have the opportunity to access a versatile and rich education through augmented and virtual reality technologies. At the same time, these technologies will support the distance learning model, providing a faster and higher quality education environment.
Manufacturing: In this sector, 5G networks offer manufacturers and telecom operators the chance to build smart factories by benefiting from technologies such as artificial intelligence, augmented reality, automation and IoT.
Retail: Retailers, providing services in real places, who are in a tight corner in the face of online retailing are also preparing to provide new customer experiences by using 5G technology. The shopping process will be facilitated by experiences such as automatic payment with low-latency AI cameras.
What Are The Advantages Of 5G Technology?
Along with 5G, while energy use in smartphones is reduced to a minimum, 90% battery savings are expected. What’s more, with this technology, uninterrupted communication can be maintained even at speeds above 500 km per hour.
Another advantage is the provision of network capacity by partitioning. By making a distinction according to the services used in a certain area, for example, in the same house while low speed is provided to a kettle, high speed can be offered to a 4K television.
It is anticipated that the personalization abilities will further develop with the possibilities brought by new features. To exemplify, in a situation where a self-driving car and a smartphone are connected, when we are completing our shopping over the phone in the store, our car will be waiting for us at the exit door.
In addition, with 5G technology, data transmission becomes faster and easier as games, movies and music move to cloud platforms. In this manner, data breaks off from a certain device and positions on the basis of the internet. So this allows you to access a large number of stored data from any screen with a mobile network connection.
5G Technology In Turkey And In The World
5G technology began to spread in America and all over the world in 2018. While it is expected an extensive access at the end of 2021; infrastructure installation works that require a certain budget and the need for devices compatible with the latest technology, indicate that it will take time for this to become widespread. However, while brands such as Samsung, Motorola, Huawei, LG are already announcing 5G-compatible devices, Apple is preparing to introduce the iPhone 12 series, which is compatible with 5G technology.
As for Turkey, mobile operators Turkcell and Vodafone conducted 5G speed tests on existing infrastructures. Private and state-supported infrastructure and security works has been carried out for 3 years and in the following years, 5G is expected to spread country-wide.
The Future Of 5G Technology
The number of applications such as virtual and augmented reality, Internet of Things (Iot), and self-driving has increased as days pass. Global mobile data traffic is estimated to rise by 5 times before the end of 2024. So this leads to the need for higher data rates and less latency. However, although it has made a big progress compared to 4G, it is anticipated that 5G technology will be insufficient to meet these needs in the future.
That’s why, besides works on 6G technology was started; in the past few days, the first 6G test satellite launched into space from China clearly shows once again how fast the technology is progressing.