Will 5G Technology Live Up To The Great Expectation?
21 January 2023, Saturday
Will 5G Technology Live Up To The Great Expectation?
The long-talked and anticipated 5G technology is expected to improve not only communications but also cities and societies, including businesses. The biggest promise of the technology that will realize this development is that it will be faster and smarter. It doesn't seem like a fantasy to think that technology products that are evolving day by day will turn the world into a planet like in future-themed movies with 5G.
While the question of when 5G technology will come is on everyone's lips, one of the most curious issues is how our devices will benefit from this technology. Because 5G says it will be more IoT friendly than 4G.
To remind those who do not know the concept of IoT (Internet of Things), it is a technology
that makes it possible for the technological devices we use at every moment of our lives to exchange data with each other and to establish a perfect synchronization between them, thanks to the internet. From this point of view, we can expect great changes in the functionality of smart devices as well as in people's lives.
High Speed Leads to Expectations
Let alone the innovations that 5G will bring, developments in wireless communication and artificial intelligence are changing life day by day. Even today, it is difficult enough to keep up with the pace of this change, but what we can do with 5G seems to make a huge impact.
While 3G, which continues to be used, offers a speed of 28 Mbits per second, 4G can reach this speed up to 100 Mbits. In 5G technology, it is possible to reach 1000 Mbit. If we give a simple example to understand that, you will be able to download a 100 GB 4K video in less than 4 minutes. In addition, thanks to 5G, it will greatly increase the performance of fiber optic networks in places where cable internet is used.
Of course, the expectation is not just about speed. Thanks to the 5G, the artificial intelligence and robot technologies which we see in science fiction stories is no longer fiction at all. It is expected that the usage areas of drones, will also enhance with 5G technology.
We can broadly divide the expectations from 5G into three. First; higher speed to transfer more data, secondly; higher speed for faster responsiveness and thirdly; for smart devices to be able to connect to many more devices at once. In order to meet all these expectations, 5G needs to be a part of our lives far beyond the 4G technology used today, with much larger capacity and lower latency.
Access to 5G will be via Wi-Fi signals. Thus, communication with 5G will be possible from anywhere. One of the most important advantages of 5G, which makes it positioned ahead of other technologies, is that it has much less power consumption. In addition, 5G is expected to support one million devices per kilometer.
When we look at what can be done with 5G in the light of all these developments, it can be said that a technology that will make things much faster and easier in almost all areas of life awaits us. Logistics, industrial production, agriculture, public safety, retail and healthcare are the leading sectors where 5G is expected to play important roles.
How Will Smart Devices Benefit From 5G Technology?
Smart devices, which can communicate with each other via the Internet and collect and share large amounts of data, use a network that is growing every day and to which more devices are added. This network, called the Internet of Things, or IoT for short, must be extremely efficient so that we can take full advantage of the potential of the devices.
The essence of IoT technology is to be able to use multiple devices that can collect and share data in real time for any desired period of time. This continuous exchange of data between devices puts pressure on both devices and the network. The low energy consumption of 5G will provide a battery life of up to ten years for IoT devices, while reducing energy use by nearly 90 percent.
A simple IoT device with features such as a computing unit, display and sensing capability, memory and communication can be very useful in our daily life. We may need more than one of these devices when we want to be able to perform our transactions in a healthier and safer way in many areas, as well as when we want speed and convenience. 4G is insufficient to meet the data load from these increasing numbers of devices and limits the efficiency we can get from IoT devices.
Features such as higher data rate, lower latency, low energy usage and the ability to connect to a much larger number of devices that will come with 5G mean more efficiency for smart devices. According to a study by IDC, by 2025, the amount of data produced by IoT devices will reach 90 billion terabytes.
What will be the impact of 5G on industrial production?
Expectations in 5G are not just about the ever-increasing consumer demand for smart devices and faster internet that are added to our lives every day. From logistics to agriculture, from automotive to healthcare, from public to retail, almost every sector needs more IoT devices for better production. Industries increasingly need these devices to make their processes more efficient, analyze the data collected, increase productivity, and improve the products and services they offer to their customers. Thanks to the advantages of 5G technology, it will allow all devices that industries need to be included in production without any problems.
What kind of a future is envisioned?
By 2025, more than 75 billion smart devices are expected to be connected to each other. That alone is an indication of how smart the world is going to be and how fast it has to be. The increasing dependency on IoT devices and the continuous development of their functions will completely change the future when combined with 5G technology. If we consider vehicle automation; We will be able to park a smart car remotely, charge it wirelessly from the city network and bring it from the parking lot to our door with just a message.
Even today, security systems such as cameras and sensors and smart locks used in homes can be installed anywhere without the need for a Wi-Fi network, thanks to 5G technology. For example, a farmer will be able to control his fields, animals and machinery in the countryside from his seat, via drones, while he is in the city. Many conveniences await us at home. Shopping lists will become automatic, the power consumption of our devices will be optimized, and everything from kitchen appliances to other electronic devices will be able to communicate with each other and be controlled remotely.
The very low latency rate, which is one of the most important innovations of 5G technology, can also break new ground in the health sector and surgeries can be performed remotely. A doctor can operate on a patient in another country, regardless of the distance, thanks to the communication power of 5G.
It is very pleasant to imagine the future, and with 5G, all these dreams can come true. For this, our technologies must be harmonized, policies must be improved for countries, businesses and individuals, and of course a lot of money must be spent. 5G technology is also eagerly awaited in Turkey. It is not difficult to reach the dreamed future with the cooperation of everyone who wants this technology and strives for its development.